Dr Sanmukh Joshi explained that the issue arose out of the total absence of EMM. “It is a component which is found in almost all red blood cells. The total absence of it made it difficult,” she said. Dr Joshi also observed that the man had not previously undergone blood transfusion, concluding that the process had occurred by itself. Joshi also said that the 65-year-old’s blood group was not visible in any close family member of his, including either his children or his brother.